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20Dec/18

What do opponents dislike about the pact(UN’s migration pact)?

The UN document is a statement of intent and aimed at framing migration as an economic issue, says Susi Dennison, a senior policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.

It was designed "to de-politicise migration again but the pact has done the opposite", she says.

The US, in December 2017, was the first country to pull out.

A statement at the time said the agreement was incompatible with US sovereignty and "our decisions on immigration policies must always be made by Americans and Americans alone".

Hungary followed in July 2018 - and, at the time, the foreign minister said: "This pact poses a threat to the world from the aspect that it could inspire millions [of migrants]."

Criticism in Europe rose as the date for the signing of the agreement approached.

Former Donald Trump adviser Steve Bannon and far-right leader Marine Le Pen attended an event together in Belgium to oppose the pact.

"The country that signs the pact, obviously signs a pact with the devil," said Ms Le Pen.

Polish Interior Minister Joachim Brudziński has said the pact "could also be an incentive for illegal migration".

Germany backed the agreement but faced stern opposition. Alice Weidel, leader in the German parliament of the far-right party Alternative for Germany (AfD), said: "In effect, illegal migration is being legalised."

A key reason why this pact has been the focus of so much debate is because immigration is a huge topic in Europe, says Ms Dennison. And it will continue to be in the run up to European Parliament elections in 2019.

"Opposition to the pact underlines that migration is the number one political issue in Europe. It really is the dividing issue for electorates."




20Dec/18

What is the UN’s migration pact?

Negotiations leading to the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration began in 2016, following the arrival of over one million people into Europe.

It's not legally binding and allows countries to remain in charge of their own immigration policy but commits signatories to improving co-operation on international migration.

The pact was agreed by all 193 members, except the United States, in July.

But at the ceremony to adopt the text on 10 December, only 164 countries formally signed it.

Among those who refused to adopt the deal - in addition to the United States - were Hungary, Austria, Italy, Poland, Slovakia, Chile and Australia.


The report sets out 23 objectives for safe, orderly and regular migration.

Some of the objectives and policy recommendations aim to:

  • gather better data on international migration

  • minimise factors that compel people to leave their own country

  • provide migrants with a proof of legal identity

  • reduce vulnerabilities in migration, including "the conditions they face in countries of origin, transit and destination"

  • combat smuggling and people trafficking

The agreement emphasises that all migrants are entitled to universal human rights and aspires to eliminate all forms of discrimination, including racism, xenophobia and intolerance against migrants and their families.

The compact "reaffirms the sovereign right of states to determine their national migration policy". The European Commission says it will have no legal effect on national legal systems.

Speaking at the signing ceremony in Marrakech, Morocco, the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel, noted that illegal migration had triggered significant fears in some countries but these fears had been "used by the opponents of the pact to spread false information".

At the same event, the UN Secretary General, Antonio Guterres, said "myths" surrounded the agreement.


20Dec/18

Subtle Asian Traits: When memes become a diaspora phenomenon

For many people of Asian descent living overseas, a Facebook group called Subtle Asian Traits has become a cultural phenomenon.

Its jokes and memes - especially about life as a first-generation migrant - have made the page wildly popular. Almost a million people have joined the groupsince it began in September.

The posts, which can be made by anyone, have also sparked conversations about cultural identity.

Its rapid success has stunned the group's founders - nine Chinese-Australian high school students who live in Melbourne.

"We were always sharing memes and jokes about Asian culture and growing up in a foreign country and kind of just wanted a place to share them together," co-founder Kathleen Xiao, 18, tells the BBC.

Anne Gu, 18, another founder, says they were thrilled when the group hit 1,000 members but "now it's just gone insane".


20Dec/18

A charity has revealed the secret exchanges former US President George HW Bush had with a Filipino boy he sponsored over a 10-year period.

Bush had to use a pseudonym and the boy, seven when the sponsorship started, had no idea who he was.

Bush, under the name George Walker, helped to fund education and meals.

The boy, Timothy, learned his mentor's identity when he left the scheme at 17 and was stunned, the charity, Compassion International, said.


The charity revealed some of the letters to the Colorado Springs Gazette and later in an interview with CNN.

Bush, the 41st US president, died in November at the age of 94.

  • The making of a president

  • Obituary: George HW Bush

  • Reaction to Bush Senior's death

"Dear Timothy, I want to be your new pen pal," Bush said in his first letter in 2002, using the pseudonym, a combination of his first and third names.

"I am an old man, 77 years old, but I love kids; and though we have not met I love you already," he wrote.

"I live in Texas - I will write you from time to time - Good Luck."


20Dec/18

The Federal Reserve has raised interest rates again, defying warnings from Donald Trump against the move.

Officials at the US central bank voted to lift the Fed's key interest rate by 0.25%, to a target range of 2.25%-2.5%.

But they also said future increases could come at a slower pace amid concerns about global growth.

It comes after the US president on Tuesday warned the Fed against making "yet another mistake" in raising rates, urging it instead to "feel the market".

He also urged the bank not to wind down a multi-billion dollar stimulus programme brought in after the financial crisis.

Mr Trump - who appointed the Fed's chairman, Jerome Powell - has repeatedly blamed the central bank for unsettled markets and dismissed analysts who cite other factors, such as rising trade tariffs.

But his remarks have put pressure on the Fed, as presidents generally avoid criticising the bank publicly, for fear of politicising the institution.

Skip Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump

I hope the people over at the Fed will read today’s Wall Street Journal Editorial before they make yet another mistake. Also, don’t let the market become any more illiquid than it already is. Stop with the 50 B’s. Feel the market, don’t just go by meaningless numbers. Good luck!

— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) December 18, 2018

Report

End of Twitter post by @realDonaldTrump

At a press conference on Wednesday, Mr Powell defended the Fed's independence, saying that political pressure played "no role whatsoever" in its discussions or decisions.

He added that the Fed had no plans to change its ongoing reduction of its portfolio of Treasuries and mortgage-backed securities.


19Dec/18

Softbank’s stock price fell more than 10% on the first day of listing

Japan Telecom's mobile banking company's mobile communications banking company's stock market fell more than 10% on the first day of the day, mainly due to recent national service disruptions and the relationship with Huawei's technology.


Softbank's initial public offering (IPO) raised $23.5 billion, but on the first day of the Tokyo stock market trading, the stock price fell below the underwriting price of 1,500 yen in 5 minutes, falling to 1344 yen, a drop of more than 10%. The index of the Dongzheng Index fell by 1%.


Softbank's IPO scale is less than the $25 billion record created by China's e-commerce giant Alibaba in 2014. Alibaba is one of the companies invested by the Softbank Group.


In terms of the number of users, Softbank is the third largest mobile communication company in Japan, and recently there has been a rare national disconnection problem. Softbank said that the suspension will not impact the company's profits and dividends.


What worries market investors is the relationship between Softbank and China's Huawei Technologies. At present, many countries have blocked Huawei because of worry that Huawei's telecommunications equipment may become an accomplice to Chinese espionage activities.


According to sources, Softbank has decided to replace Huawei's 4G network equipment with hardware devices from other vendors. This process is likely to be time-consuming and costly. Among Japanese telecom companies, Softbank and Huawei are the most closely related.


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19Dec/18

There is no solution for iOS updates? Qualcomm: Apple still violates Chinese court orders

Qualcomm's latest statement said that despite Apple's software update on Monday, the company still violated the Chinese court's order to stop selling iPhones. Earlier, iOS 12.1.2 version has been released, with updated instructions, this content is related to Qualcomm patent disputes, even if the future through the update, according to Qualcomm's tough statement may still have no solution, which makes Apple's sales in China once again hit the wall.


Time back on December 10, Qualcomm said they won the first trial in the Chinese court, and Apple was ordered by the court to ban the sale of the old iPhone in China. On that day, Apple's mobile phone was still sold in the region.


On December 14th, Apple told Reuters that in the future, patent issues will be resolved through updates. At the California headquarters, Cook pointed out that the update will comply with the court's order to eliminate any doubts from Chinese users who ordered from Apple. It is also announced that this update will be launched on Monday. Today, iOS users have been able to update to version 12.1.2, but the content does not mention information about patents.


However, Qualcomm legal adviser Don Rosenberg issued a statement to Reuters on the same day (14th) alleging that Apple attempted to confuse the iPhone sales order, arguing that Apple’s approach could not only solve the infringement problem, but even violate the Chinese court’s verdict and appealed to Apple. Immediately stop sales in China.


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19Dec/18

Samsung builds 5G self-driving car

5G is getting closer and closer, various B2B and self-driving technologies are getting more and more blooming. Samsung announced that it has cooperated with the Korea Transportation Security Bureau to develop self-driving technology based on LTE and 5G, and in the United States with 5G data chip supplier Qualcomm, telecom operator Verizon , together to complete the Gigabit level of data transmission of 5G New Radio.


Samsung announced that it will sign a MOU with the Korea Transportation Safety Administration. The two companies will jointly develop a new generation of telecom technology, aiming at auto-driving technology that can cover all of Korea. The two sides will establish 4G LTE, 5G, Vehicle to K-City in Korea Autopilot Testing Field. Everything (V2X) telecommunications network and related IT infrastructure.


Samsung said that K-City includes five simulation scenarios, including urban and local townships, local communities, highways and parking lots, covering an area of 360,000 square meters, allowing self-driving cars and connected cars to experience real road conditions, intersections and tunnels, Samsung It will also build a critical IT infrastructure to ensure K-City's low latency and information security. The mobile edge computing capability near the base station can support instant messaging between fast-moving vehicles, allowing the car to react instantly to unexpected events. K-City will become the R&D center for Korean 5G, self-driving and connected cars.


Samsung, Qualcomm and US telecommunications operator Verizon also announced 5G New Radio data transmission and Gigabit-class transmission speed and maximum throughput through Samsung's commercial 5G NR and 4G LTE equipment and 400MHz bandwidth in Verizon's 28GHz spectrum. More than 1.7 Gbps.


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19Dec/18

5G era is coming to Nomura, optimistic about business opportunities

According to Chen Yuning, an analyst at the village securities technology industry, according to Qualcomm's new 5G economic research, when 5G business opportunities spread to various industries, by 2035, Taiwan's 5G value chain will create 134 billion yuan of output value and 510,000 jobs. The technology upgrades big business opportunities to let Taiwan face, Lizi all take, look at the world, Taiwan's remote transmission (4904), the United States Verizon, South Korea LG U Plus three telecommunications operators, operating the most optimistic.


Before the full-scale vacation of foreign-funded research institutions, many teams have actively issued a big report on the prospects of the long-term prospects, such as Morgan Stanley's recent semiconductor prospects, Greater China's raw materials industry investment guide for 2019, Nomura Securities named 5G The megatrends, and cut into the development of Asian markets such as Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, the mainland, Singapore, etc., also have the taste of leading the long-line layout of funds.


5G will provide faster information transmission services, and all countries in the world are ready to step into new trends. Nomura believes that in order to cross 5G, a lot of infrastructure costs must be invested, in the short term, unless telecom operators are under the pressure of traditional revenue sources. If there is a sudden increase, it is expected that telecom operators will pay for the future demand, and will invest in a gradual and gradual approach. It will not invest heavily. That is to say, the 5G investment tide is not a big blow in 2019, but will be a more average bet. It’s been 3 to 5 years.


After the 5G technology matures, it will improve the performance of services such as video streaming, and may open up new application opportunities throughout the industry value chain. Therefore, when 5G is officially transferred, the industries benefiting include media and connected equipment manufacturing. Business, network services and operators.


More importantly, in the field of telecommunications, telecom operators that focus on wireless services are more likely to benefit from the 5G business opportunity than the telecom operators that provide integrated services because they do not need to risk the existing fixed-line services. At the same time, relatively small-scale telecommunications companies are more flexible in their transformation and rapid adoption of new technologies.


While global telecom operators are about to meet 5G business opportunities, Nomura believes that the industry must have good execution, strong management capabilities and a stable balance sheet. These three conditions also mean that the telecom operators have the ability to adapt quickly to change. And optimistic about the remote transmission, the United States Verizon, South Korea LG U Plus, etc., long-term focus on Internet of Things and enterprise communication solutions, is the winner of 5G technology upgrade.


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17Nov/18

Why do some manufacturers of smartphone have a non-removable battery in their phones?

An integrated battery is more reliable. The biggest source of failures in removable battery phones was the contacts between the battery and the phone. Remove those, and while it now takes tools to remove the battery, they’re not going to fail. Less service calls.

A large source of service problems with removable batteries was damage to the battery while outside the phone. Not removable, less service calls.

A removable battery needs packaging so that it is safe to carry around outside the phone. But phones use LiPoly pouch cells, which are literally a plastic bag full of toxic corrosive chemicals that can easily catch fire or explode if you puncture the bag and contents the wrong way, so that packaging needs to be fairly tough. And that means it costs money and takes up space. So, if you remove the packaging, you can fit a lot more battery into the phone. Remember, there is a premium on battery life on smartphones, and most of them have only barely acceptable battery life anyway. Exploding batteries cause lawsuits, and they explode less inside phones (Samsung learned the hard way that they only explode less and they still have to be very careful).

There is a big, big premium on having a phone that fits in people’s hands. That means it can’t be too thick or too heavy, and the ‘phablet’ style are mostly used by people who tend to carry a handbag or shoulder bag to put them in. So, if you have to fit the extra connectors and three layers of extra packaging into a phone (one layer each side of the battery, and one to protect the works of the phone while the battery is removed), it gets too big and heavy to be a nice product that people will buy.

Integrating the battery makes it possible to build a waterproof phone. That’s actually a very cool feature, and means fewer service calls from water damage.